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Saginaw Tire Chalking Class Action

General Information


Please fully read this material, especially if you received the postcard recently mailed to you.

You may be entitled to reimbursement of certain parking tickets paid by you due to the alleged use of an unconstitutional tire chalking process utilized by the City of Saginaw and its parking officials.

If you paid an over-the-limit parking ticket issued by the City of Saginaw from April 5, 2014 to present as a result of the warrantless chalking of vehicle tire(s), you are a member of a class action now pending before the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan captioned as Taylor v City of Saginaw, et al, Case No. 17-cv-11067. A class action lawsuit may affect your rights.

On January 21, 2022, the federal district court sitting in Bay City, Michigan issued an Opinion and Order which certified the class action regarding tire chalking and parking tickets. The Court also named attorneys Philip L. Ellison and Matthew E. Gronda as class counsel.

All class members will be a part of the final judgment unless a class member decides and timely gives notice of the decision to "opt out" of the class by the Court-imposed deadline. A fuller explanation is contained in the Class Notice.

Please read the Class Notice and take your desired action by the required deadline(s) as the Court directs.

What is a Class Action?


What is this class action all about?

A class action lawsuit consolidates similar or identical claims of many people into a single lawsuit against one or several defendants. Class actions are cost effective ways of resolving many legal disputes that have a lot in common.

In a typical class action, a plaintiff sues a defendant or a number of defendants on behalf of a group, or class, of absent parties. This differs from a traditional lawsuit, where one party sues another party for redress of a wrong, and all of the parties are present in court. Instead of each person bringing his or her own lawsuit, the class action allows all the claims of all class members—whether they know they have been damaged or not—to be resolved in a single proceeding through the efforts of the representative plaintiff(s) and appointed class counsel.

A class action attorney helps initiate and handle a class action, and advocates for the Class and argues against the sued governments and their officials in court. Class action attorneys are generally paid a percentage of the money that is recovered on behalf of the Class. Some lawsuits that involve civil rights will require the government to pay all or some of the attorneys' fees due to their illegal actions. All attorney fees must be reviewed and approved by the court.

This case involves the City of Saginaw's processes of placing chalk on the tire of vehicles to determine how long a vehicle has sat in a particular place without securing a warrant from a neutral and detacted magistrate or judge.

The US Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit has determined that such is a search. It is Plaintiff's position that the City and its parking enforcement officials undertaking this activity without a warrant is a Fourth Amendment violation.

Key Case Documents


Download and view key case documents

Complaint for Injunctive Relief and Declaratory Relief with Money Damages for Fourth Amendment Violations

Amended Complaint for Injunctive Relief and Declaratory Relief with Money Damages for Fourth Amendment Violations

Opinion and Order Granting Motion to Dismiss (Reversed)

First Reversal Ruling of the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals (Taylor I)

Answer to Plaintiff's First Amended Complaint

Order Granting in Part Motion to Strike Affirmative Defenses

Opinion and Order Granting Motion for Summary Judgment and Dismissing Amended Complaint (Reversed)

Second Reversal Ruling of the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals (Taylor II)

Renewed Motion for Class Certification and Appointment of Class Counsel

Opinion and Order Granting Plaintiff's Motion to Certify

Class Notice & Forms


Download the Class Notice

Download the Class Opt-Out Form

Frequently Asked Questions


First and foremost, please review the Class Notice.

What is a Class Action?

A class action suit occurs when, with court approval, many different people's similar complaints are combined in a single action represented by a lead plaintiff or class representative who suffered a similar wrong. This saves court time and allows a single judge to hear all legal claims at the same time, and come to one judgment or settlement for all members of the class. Many times, members of the class can get a favorable outcome without having to participate in the day-to-day litigation obligations.

Who is eligible to participate in the final outcome?

In this case, there are two classes. The first--which will not receive any money--is all persons (excluding the presiding judicial officer, his staff, the case counsel and their staff) who had and/or will have a vehicle tire chalked by a City of Saginaw parking enforcement officer, without a warrant, from April 5, 2014 to present. A second "subclass" consists of all persons within the full class who paid a parking ticket from April 5, 2014 to present as a result of the warrantless chalking of vehicle tire(s).

Who is the Lead Plaintiff / Class Representative?

Alison Patricia Taylor was named the lead plaintiff and class representative. At the request for class counsel, the court reviews and appoints a Class Representative to prosecute the lawsuit on behalf of the members of the Class. An individual plaintiff, a group of individuals or other entity can serve as a Class Representative. The Court approved Ms. Taylor on January 21, 2022.

Who is Class Counsel?

The Court has approved attorneys Philip L. Ellison and Matthew E. Gronda as class counsel on January 21, 2022.

Who makes up the Class?

As ordered by the Court, the sub-class of those who are receive a refund consists of all persons who paid an over-the-limit parking ticket issued by the City of Saginaw from April 5, 2014 to April 24, 2019 as a result of the warrantless chalking of vehicle tire(s). To exclude yourself from the class, receive no benefits from the current case, and retain all your rights, you must return your request to opt out by the date stated on the Class Notice. Please refer to the Class Notice for all necessary information. Read that Notice carefully and follow the instructions therein.

What do I need to do to be part of the class?

Please review the Class Notice.

What are the Costs and Expenses for me?

Costs and Expenses of the lawsuit are usually advanced by the law firms prosecuting on behalf of the Class. The class counsel works on a contingent fee basis. That means Class Counsel will ask the court to award reimbursement of the out-of-pocket expenses and attorneys’ fees -- usually a percentage of the total recovery -- but upon being successful.

Official Class Action Website of Taylor v City of Saginaw